Neuro Spine Care

HEAD INJURY

Head injuries are damage to the skull or brain caused by trauma. Head injury damages the tissues and structures that surround the skull. It harms the head or upper neck of the body. The pain caused by injuries can be a dull ache, throbbing, mild or intense. Common Head injuries are concussions, skull fractures, and a scalp wound. The consequences and treatments vary greatly depending on the cause of Head injury.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF HEAD INJURIES

  1. A concussion happens when the brain is jarred to bounce against the skull. It can range from mild to severe. It is a type of traumatic injury.
  2. Bruises on the brain are known as a contusion. It causes bleeding and swelling.
  3. An intracranial hematoma is bleeding under the skull that forms a clot.
  4. Skull fracture affects the brain and causes bleeding and other types of injuries.

SYMPTOMS

Signs and symptoms of traumatic sports injuries :-

  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Problems with speech
  • Dizziness
  • Vision problem and sensitivity to light and sound
  • Memory and concentration problem
  • Memory and concentration problem
  • Mood swings
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Persistent headache
  • Agitation and unusual behaviour
  • Loss of coordination

CAUSES

The degree of damage depends on the cause of the injury. Traumatic brain injuries are usually caused by

  • Collisions of automobiles
  • Sports injuries such as hockey, boxing, football, baseball, skateboarding, and other high impact injuries.
  • Explosive blasts and combat injuries
  • Falls from the ladder, in a bath or bed, are the most common reason for traumatic brain injuries.
  • The shaken baby syndrome is a traumatic brain injury in infants caused by violent Skull shaking.

DIAGNOSIS

A doctor can diagnose the type of Head injury by asking the patient the symptoms and cause of injury. The questions will try to define the quality, quantity and duration of the pain. After collecting history about any previous Head injuries, the doctor will perform a physical and neurological exam. Neurological tests focus on ruling out the cause of injury in the brain or nerve. An interview with a psychologist can help in identifying stress factors triggering headaches due to injury. The tests may involve testing blood samples, sinus X-ray, eye exam, CT scan, and MRI scan

TREATMENT

The treatment of Head injuries depends on the diagnosis and symptoms

  • Mild injuries require no treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a headache.
  • Anti-seizure drugs are given during the first week of treatment to avoid any additional brain damage caused by a seizure.
  • Coma- inducing drugs are used to put patients in a temporary coma to reduce the need for oxygen of the brain.
  • Diuretics reduce the amount of fluid in tissues and increase urine output. This helps in reducing pressure inside the brain.
  • Surgeries are performed to remove blood clots from the brain that puts pressure on the brain and damages its tissue.
  • Bleeding and fracture of the brain can be stopped by surgeries.
  • A serious brain injury needs rehabilitation to regain the full functioning of the brain

PREVENTION

There are several measures which can taken to prevent Head injuries. Some of them are :-

  • Wear a seatbelt every time while driving.
  • Secure rugs and loose electrical cords, install bars and handrails if you are frail or elderly.
  • Do not drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Do not wear any clothing that interferes with your vision.
  • Follow all the rules and warning signs at water parks and while swimming.
  • Wear proper headgears while performing sports.

At Adam Vital Hospital, we have the best team of doctors who will help you understand the cause of the injury and treatments to undertake. We are among the best hospitals in Dubai providing treatment for all kinds of Head injuries.

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