Neurology

Neurology is the branch of science which deals with disorders and treatments of the nervous system. The nervous system is complex and regulates the coordination of the body. Some major injuries or fractures can sometimes result in brain, spinal or nervous damage. Experts in neurology provide revolutionary treatments for complicated neurological problems. Neurologists use most the most advanced approaches to manage diseases of the nervous system.

Common neurological disorders

Brain : A brain tumour, head injury, headache with facial pain, sleeping disorders, cerebral venous disease, and dizziness

Spinal cord : Cervical spondylitis, compression of the spinal cord, intrinsic spinal cord diseases, lumbosacral spondylosis

Degenerative diseases : Dementia, Wilson’s disease, motor neuron disease, spinal muscles atrophies, Parkinson’s disease

Inflammatory diseases : Multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Acute transverse myelitis

Infections of the nervous system : Meningitis, Parenchyma viral infections, Encephalopathy

Symptoms of neurological disorders

Following are some common signs of neurological disorder. A person may experience different symptoms according to illness and disorder :

  • Loss of feeling and sensation
  • Persistent Headache
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength
  • Lack of coordination
  • Memory loss or dementia
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Double vision or impaired sightedness
  • Seizures
  • Back pain expanding to feet and other parts of the body
  • Slurred speech

Neurological tests and procedures

According to the signs and symptoms of the disease, the doctor may perform some physical examinations. These tests are performed to determine muscle strength, reflexes and coordination. Several other imaging tests are performed for diagnosing the condition as different neurological diseases can have similar symptoms.

These procedures may include the undermentioned:

  • Imaging Tests - Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, Computer Tomography (CT scan) and Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Lumbar Puncture : This test is performed to test your spinal fluid. The procedure involves inserting a needle into the spine after numbing it and ejecting sample spinal fluid.
  • Tensilon Test : This procedure helps the neurologist to diagnose myasthenia gravis. It involves the administration of a drug called Tensilon and observation of post muscle movements.
  • Electromyography (EMG) : This test is performed to measure the electrical activity between the brain or spinal cord and peripheral nerve. This nerve is found in the legs and arms. This test helps in diagnosing spinal cord disorder and muscle and nerve dysfunction. The neurosurgeon may order a Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) test alongside EMG. EMG measures muscle activity and NCV assess the nervous ability to send signals to the muscles. The test may take about an hour to complete and you may be asked to avoid any stimulates, like nicotine and caffeine, several hours before tests.
  • Electroencephalogram (ECG) : This test is performed for measuring the electrical activities in the brain and for diagnosing conditions such as inflammation in the brain, Tumours, seizures and psychiatric disorder. Unlike EMG, an ECG does not cause any discomfort.
  • Other diagnostic tests may include sleep studies and angiography for determining blockages in the blood vessels connected to the brain.

Our neurologists at Adam Vital Hospital will help you manage signs and symptoms of the neurological disorder and conditions caused by injuries or trauma. We have a team of experienced and renowned neurosurgeons, interventional radiologist and physiatrist who will help you with diagnoses and treatment of the disease.

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