Treatment depends on the severity of the case and the degree of spine curvature. Your doctor will also take into consideration
A person with Scoliosis may require braces if the curvature is still growing and is more than 25 to 40 degrees.Braces prevent the curvature from increasing but don’t help in spine straightening. This method of treatment is effective for early detected cases.Those requiring a brace need to wear it 16 to 23 hours a day until they stop growing.
There are two main types of braces :
Underarm : Underarm brace is made of plastic and fits close to the body, and is virtually invisible. It treats lower spine curves and fits around the lower part of the body.
Milwaukee : This brace starts at the neck and covers the entire torso, except the legs and arms.
Surgery is needed for people with curves more significant than 40 degrees. However, consult your doctor about this option if you've been diagnosed with Scoliosis and feel the curvature is interrupting your daily life or causing you discomfort.
Spinal fusion is the standard Scoliosis surgery. In this procedure, the doctor fuses the vertebrae using a bone graft, rods, and screws. The bone graft consists of bone or a material like it.
The rods keep the spine in a straight position, and the screws hold them in place. The bone graft and vertebrae fuse into a single bone, and the rods can be adjusted in children with age.
Risks of spinal fusion surgery include :
- Excessive bleeding
- Failure to heal
- Nerve damage
Certain therapies can help manage Scoliosis pain, such as hydrotherapy, massage, electrical stimulation, and back braces.These methods help in reducing pain and discomfort :
Exercise and stretching for Scoliosis pain symptoms can’t fix the problem but helps in muscle strengthening and support.
Pain medications like acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
Chiropractic treatment :
Chiropractic treatment may aid in alleviating pain and increase flexibility while living with Scoliosis but isn’t a cure for the curvature of Scoliosis.